The Bonfire of the Vanities is associated with Girolamo Savanarola, the ardent preacher of moral reform in late 15th century Florence. Following a devotional practice of the time he had people burn cosmetics, mirrors and frivolous garments as a sign of embracing simplicity of life. Later manuscripts of secular literature were added to the list. He made enemies and was eventually tried for heresy. He, too, died hanged over fire at in the square where he had the books and other frivolities burned.