As the new United States embassy was inaugurated in Jerusalem 14 May, violence broke out between Palestinian protesters and Israeli soldiers.
International media reported that in Gaza, at least 52 people were killed, including five under the age of 18, and some 2,000 were injured. The death toll was expected to rise.
Palestinians claim Jerusalem as their capital and now feel that the U.S. cannot be a fair broker in the peace process with Israel.
Many Israelis see opening the embassy as the long-awaited official recognition of Jerusalem as their capital and the fulfilment of a promise made by numerous US presidents to move the building from Tel Aviv.
Israel accuses many of the protesters of being members of Hamas and of using Palestinians as pawns in the violent protests along the Gaza border, which began 30 March. The Israeli Defense Forces has said that numerous protesters have been caught trying to break through the border fence that imprisons them, and fire-lit kites sent by Palestinians across the border have caused millions of dollars of damage to crops when they have landed on Israeli farmland.
At St. Joseph Parish in Jifna, West Bank, 14 May, Father Firas Aridah tolled bells at noon to mourn those injured and killed in clashes, to mark the commemoration of the day Palestinians call al-Naqba -- their catastrophe -- and to lament the opening of the US embassy in Jerusalem. On 14 May 1948, Israel declared its independence; Palestinians commemorate that 250,000-300,000 Arabs living in the British mandate of Palestine were forced off their lands and homes at the time.
‘Jerusalem is at the heart of the conflict,’ he said. ‘Opening the American embassy without resolving the conflict is going to the extreme. They can resolve the conflict of Jerusalem and then do whatever they want. But why just move the embassy to Jerusalem without resolving the conflict?’
The priest said although parishes in the Holy Land tell their parishioners to resist occupation by educating themselves and preparing for the future, people in Gaza see no future. He said he can stress to his school's Christian and Muslim students that throwing stones is not worth dying for, but people in Gaza are desperate.
‘They don't have anything to lose,’ he said. ‘They are not living in dignity.’
On 15 May Palestinians will mark a moment of silence in commemoration of the Naqba, much like the Israelis did a month early on the Hebrew anniversary of Israeli independence.
Father Aridah said he would light candles with his parishioners following 6 pm Mass 15 May and have a silent march to the centre of the village. He expects the demonstrations, including throughout the West Bank, to continue for some time.
In a statement released 14 May, Pax Christi International said it recognised the 70th anniversary of two historic events this year: the 70th anniversary of the creation of the State of Israel and the Naqba.
‘These two events are forever interconnected. Pax Christi members and partners will once again stand in solidarity with the Palestinian people, especially those who, after seven decades, remain refugees, as they mark this solemn anniversary,’ said the statement. It called for the right of return and/or compensation for Palestinian refugees as a prerequisite for a just and fair Israeli-Palestinian peace agreement, for which Pax Christi said an increased commitment from the international community is ‘urgently necessary.’